The End of Cheap Chinese Labor, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2012, vol. 26(4), pages 57-74, with Hongbin Li, Binzhen Wu, and Yanyan Xiong
 Do Foreign Institutional Investors Stabilize the Capital Market? Economics Letters, 2015, vol. 136, pages 73-75, with Liyan Han, Libo Yin, and Qingqing Zheng
 Exogenous Shocks and the Spillover Effects between Uncertainty and Oil Price, Energy Economics, 2016, vol. 54, pages 224-234, with Liyan Han, Libo Yin, and Yimin Zhou
 Skill-Biased Imports, Human Capital Accumulation, and the Allocation of Talent (Job Market Paper)
Abstract: China has witnessed a rising demand for skill in the last few decades with simultaneous rapid increases in both the college share and the college wage premium. This paper shows that capital goods imports, an important form of international technology diffusion for developing countries, can explain the rising demand for skill in China. A region with an increase in capital goods imports per person by $100 in U.S. dollars had higher college share by 1.5 percentage points between 2000 and 2010. The regional differences in capital goods imports can explain 30 percent of the regional differences in college share. Analysis by cohort suggests that the impact of capital goods imports was stronger for young people. Furthermore, I quantify how skilled labor relocation can account for regional differences in college attainment. The results suggest that capital goods imports increased college share by: (i) encouraging local stayers to receive college education; (ii) attracting more skilled migrants; (iii) ameliorating the brain drain, and the first channel is the most important one.
 China's Skill-Biased Imports, with Hongbin Li and Hong Ma
Abstract: More than one third of China’s imports are capital goods, and the share has been rising until recently. We show that imported capital goods are skill-complementary, and therefore increasing imports in capital goods is an important driver for the rising demand for skill. Cities that are more exposed to skill-biased imports tend to have higher skill premium. For a city at the 75th percentile of the distribution of capital goods imports, it would have had higher skill premium by 5 percentage points (0.38 standard deviation) than a city at the 25th percentile. Additional firm-level evidence shows that firms importing capital goods pay higher wages and hire more skilled workers.
 Understanding Regional Export Growth in China, with David Autor, David Dorn, and Gordon Hanson
In this paper, we use disaggregated data on regional trade in China to assess the channels through which the country's exports have surged. As a starting point for our analysis, we use a Bartik (1991) shift-share approach to evaluate the common component of industry-level export growth across regions in China. If regional comparative advantage or industry agglomeration patterns are roughly stable over decadal time periods, then export growth across regions will vary according to their initial patterns of industrial specialization and which industries enjoyed rapid export growth at the national level. We also consider the impact of explicit measures of policy change that the literature has identified as drivers of China’s trade expansion, including reductions of tariffs on final goods, tariffs on imported intermediate inputs, trade-policy uncertainty for China in the U.S. market, and MFA quotas on apparel and textile products. We find that a simple Bartik measure has substantial predictive power for China’s regional export growth. Once we add the Bartik measure to the analysis, the impacts of reduced input and output tariffs or trade-policy uncertainty on China's export growth fall substantially and become statistically insignificant. These tariff-based predictors of export growth are also very sensitive to the inclusion of time trends across provinces and broad sectors, whereas the Bartik measure has considerably more success in predicting variation in export growth within provinces and sectors. There is little evidence that regions more exposed to the elimination of MFA quotas enjoyed faster export growth.
Work in Progress
 Export Growth and Regional Labor Market Evolutions in China, with David Autor, David Dorn, and Gordon Hanson
 Import Competition and Wages: Evidence from the Textile Industry (draft coming soon)
 Are Garbage Imports a Threat to Public Health? with Liyan Han and Yang Liu (preliminary results available upon request)
 College Expansion, Gender Imbalance, and Marriage, with Hongbin Li, Qingqing Peng, and Xinzheng Shi (slides available upon request)